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La biblioteca virtual de BIO-NICA no tiene fines lucrativo, tan solo apoyar a investigadores, estudiantes y publico en general a documentarse en temas que tienen que ver con Biodiversidad.

Los documentos presentados son obtenidos de la Internet o de amigos o son publicaciones de miembros o asociados del Museo Entomológico o de ALAS.




q  AKESSON S. & HEDENSTROM A. (2007) How Migrants Get There: Migratory Performance and Orientation. Bioscience 57 (2):123-134.

q  ALERSTAM T., ROSEN M., BACKMAN J., ERICSON P.G.P. & HELLGREN O. (2007) Flight Speed among Bird Species: Allometric and Phylogenetic Effects. Plos Biology, 5(8):7pp.

q  ALVARADO V., ANTON E., HARVEY C.A. & MARTINEZ R. (2001) Aves y plantas leñosas en cortinas rompevientos en León, Nicaragua. Avances de Investigación, pp.18-24.

q  ANCIAES M. & MARINI M.A. (2000) The effects of fragmentation on fluctuating asymmetry in passerine birds of Brazilian tropical forests. Journal of Applied Ecology, 37:1013-1028.

q  ANDERSON D.L. (2000) Notes on the breeding, distribution, and taxonomy of the ocellated poorwill (Nyctiphrynus ocellatus) in Honduras. Ornitologia Neotropical, 11:233-238.

q  ANDERSON  T. (2003) Conservation Assessment for the Woodpeckers in the Black Hills National Forest South Dakota and Wyoming. United States Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, 187pp

q  ANDRLE R.F. (1967) Notes on the Black Chachalaca (Penelopina nigra). The Auk, 84(2):169-172.

q  ANONIMO (xxxx) Bird & Pesticides: The Invisible Truth.,2pp

q  ANTONOV A., STOKKE B.G., MOKSNES A. & ROSKAFT E. (2007) Getting rid of the cuckoo Cuculus canorus egg: why do hosts delay rejection? Behavioral Ecology (2007), 8 pp.

q  AOU (1995) Fortieth supplement to the American Ornithologists’ Union Check-list of North American Birds. The Auk, 112(3):819-830.

q  AOU (1998) Checklist of Noth American Birds. The species of Birds of North America from the Arctic through Panama, Including the West Indies and Hawaiian Islands. The Committee on Classification and Nomenclature of the American Ornithologists’ Union. 829 pp. [Cita aves de Nicaragua].

q  AOU (2000) Forty-second supplement to the American Ornithologists’ Union Check-list of North American Birds. The Auk, 117(3):847-858.

q  AOU (xxx) List of the 2,041 Birds species (with scientific and english names) known from the A.O.U. check-list area. 55 pp.

q  AOU (xxx) List of the 2,046 Birds species (with scientific and english names) known from the A.O.U. check-list area. 48 pp.

q  ARENDT W.J. & TORREZ M.A. (2008) Primer reporte del híbrido intergenérico Vermivora chrysoptera x Vermivora pinus (“Brewster’s Warbler”) en Nicaragua. Zeledonia, 12(1):25-29.

q  ARGUEDAS-NEGRINI N. (2001) Distribution, habitat and behavior of grasshopper sparrows, Ammodramus savannarum (Passeriformes: Emberizidae) in northeastern Nicaragua. Revista de Biología Tropical, 49(2):703-707.

q  BAIER D.B., GATESY S.M. & JENKINS F.A. (2007) A critical ligamentous mechanism in the evolution of avian flight. Nature, 445:307-310.

q  BANKS R.C., CICERO C., DUNN J.L., KRATTER A.W., RASMUSSEN P.C., REMSEN J.V., RISING J.D. & STOTZ D.F. (2002) Forty-third supplement to the American Ornithologists’ Union Check-list of North American Birds. The Auk, 119(3):897-906.

q  BANKS R.C., CICERO C., DUNN J.L., KRATTER A.W., RASMUSSEN P.C., REMSEN J.V., RISING J.D. & STOTZ D.F. (2003) Forty-fourth supplement to the American Ornithologists’ Union Check-list of North American Birds. The Auk, 120(3):923-931.

q  BANKS R.C., CICERO C., DUNN J.L., KRATTER A.W., RASMUSSEN P.C., REMSEN J.V., RISING J.D. & STOTZ D.F. (2003) Forty-fifth supplement to the American Ornithologists’ Union Check-list of North American Birds. The Auk, 121(3):985-995.

q  BANKS R.C., CICERO C., DUNN J.L., KRATTER A.W., RASMUSSEN P.C., REMSEN J.V., RISING J.D. & STOTZ D.F. (2005) Forty-sixth supplement to the American Ornithologists’ Union Check-list of North American Birds. The Auk, 122(3):1026-1031.

q  BANKS  et al. (2006) Forty-Seventh Supplement to the American Ornithologists´Union Check-List of North American Birds. The Auk 123: 926-936.

q  BANKS R.C et al. (2008) Forty-ninth supplement to the American Ornithologists’ Union check-list of North American Birds. The Auk, 125(3):758-768.

q  BARBER B.R. & RICE N.H. (2007) Systematics and Evolution in the Tityrinae (Passeriformes: Tyranoidea). The Auk 124(4):1317-1329, 2007.

q  BARKER F.K. (2007) Avifaunal interchange across the Panamanian isthmus: insights fom Campylorhynchus wrens. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society, 2007,90:687-702.

q  Barker R.J. & Sauer J.R. (1995) Statistical Aspects of Point Count Sampling. pp. 125-130. In Ralph C.J., Sauer J.R. & Droege S. Monitoring bird populations by point counts. Gen. Tech. Rep. PSW-GTR-149 Albany, CA, Pacific Southwest Research Station, Forest Service, USDA, 197pp.


q  BAUER J., ARENDT W.J. & CORIA S. (2006) Techniques for Bird-watching in Nicaragua. A flight into the Future. Short Course for Tour Operators & Nature Guides. Reserva Privada El Jaguar. USAID, Technical Report, 26 pp.

q  BAUER J., ARENDT W.J. & CORIA S. (2006) Techniques for Bird-watching in Nicaragua. A flight into the Future. Short Course II for Tour Operators & Nature Guides. Reserva Privada El Jaguar. USAID, Technical Report, 26 pp.

q  BEAVER  D.L. (1976) Avian Populations in Herbicide Treated Brush Fields. The Auk 93: 543-553.

q  BECKER  J. J. (1986) A Fossil Momot (Aves: Momotidae) from the late Miocene of Florida. The Condor, 88: 478-482.

q  BENNETT A.T.D. & THERY M. (2007) Avian color vision and coloration: multidisciplinarity evolutionary biology. The American Naturalist, 169(Supplement):1-6.

q  BIBBY C., JONES M. & MARSDEN S. (1998) Expedition Field Techniques. Bird Surveys. Expedition Advisory Centre, Royal Geographical Society, UK, 144 pp.

q  BIBBY C., JONES M. & MARSDEN S. (2000) Expedition Field Techniques. Bird Surveys. BirdLife International, Cambridge, UK, 139 pp.

q  BILDSTEIN K.L. & ZALLES J.I. (2001) Migración de rapaces en el corredor Mesoamericano. Traducción al español de Raptor Migration along the Mesoamerican Land Corridor. Hawkwatching in the Americas (Bildstein & Klem Eds.), pp.119-141.

q  BirdLife en las Américas. Vol.6. No.1. Abril 2003.

q  BirdLife in the Americas. Vol.7. No.1. June 2004.

q  BIRD LIFE  (2007) Illegal wild bird trade found thriving in Nicaragua. Birdlife International. 2pp

q  BLAKE J.G. (2007) Neotropical forest bird communities: A comparison of species richness and composition at local and regional scales. The Condor, 109:237-255.

q  Block W.M. & Brennan L.A. (1993) The Habitat concept in Ornithology. Pp.35-91. En Power D.M. (Ed.) Current Ornithology, Vol. 11. Plenum Press, New York.

q  BLUS   L.J. & HENNY  C.J. (1997) Field Studies on pesticides and birds: Unexpected and unique relations. Ecological Applications, 7(4): 1125-1132.

q  BOATMAN  N.D., BRICKLE  N.W., HART  J.D., MILSON  T.P., MORRIS  A.J., MURRAY  A.W.A., MURRAY  K.A. &  ROBERTSON  P.A. (2004) Evidence for the indirect effects of pesticides on farmland birds. Ibis, 146(suppl 2): 131-143.

q  BONAPARTE Ch.L.P. (1853) Notes Ornithologiques sur les collections rapportees en 1853 par M. A. Delattre et classification parallelique des passereaux chanteurs. Mallet-Bachelier, Paris. 156pp.

q  BONAPARTE Ch.-L. P. (1854) Notes ornithologiques sur les collections rapportées en 1853 par M.A. Delattre et Classification parallélique des passereaux chanteurs. Paris, Mallet-Bachelier, 98 pp.

q  BOND J. (1962) White-tailed Kite in Nicaragua. Auk, 81:230.

q  Bond R.M. (1942) Food of the Burrowing Owl in Western Nevada. (incl. Lucanidae). From Field and Study, p. 183.

q  BOYLE A. & CONWAY C.L. (2007) Why Migrate ? A Test of the Evolutionary Precursor Hypothesis. The American Naturalist, 169(3):16 pp.

q  BRUMFIELD R.T., TELLO J.G., CHEVIRON Z.A., CARLING M.D., CROCHET N. & ROSENBERG K.V. (2007) Phylogentic conservatism and antiquity of a tropical specialization: Army-ant-following in the typical antbirds (Thamnophilidae) Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution,13pp.

q  BUEHLER D.A., ROTH A.M., VALLENDER R., WILL T.C.,CONFER J.L., CANTERBURY R.A., BARKER SWARTHOUT S., ROSENBERG K.V. & BULLUCK L.P. (2007) Status and conservation priorities of Golden-Winged Warbler (Vermivora chrysoptera) in North America. The auk 124(4):1439-1445, 2007

q  BURTT E.H. (2002) Manual de Ejercicios de Campo y Laboratorio para Ornitología. Wilson Ornithological Society’s. 107 pp.

q  CANADAY C. (1997) Loss of insectivorous birds along a gradient of human impact in Amazonia. Program for Studies in tropical conservation. University of Florida. Ecological Conservation 77(1997) 63-77.

q  CANTERBURY G.E., MARTIN T.E., PETIT D.R., PETIT L.J. & BRADFORDS D.F. (2000) Bird communities and habitat as ecological indicators of forest condition in regional monitoring. Conservation Biology 14(2) 2000,15pp.

q  CARBONELL M., KRIESE K. & ALEXANDER K. (2007) Anatidas de la Región Neotropical. Waterfowl of the Neotropical Region. Ducks Unlimited, USA, 64 pp.

q  Castañeda Mendoza E., Medina Fitoria A. & Cruz Gámez J. (2004) El uso de la avifauna como herramienta para la conservación de áreas naturales en la Reserva Natural Chocoyero-El Brujo. Encuentro, 13:7-24.

q  Castañeda Mendoza E. (xxx) Lista de Aves de la Reserva Natural Chocoyero-El Brujo. 5 pp.

q  CASTELLETTA M., SODHI N.S. & SUBARAJ R. (2000) Heavy extinction of forest avifauna in Singapore: Lessons for Biodiversity Conservation in Southeast Asia. Conservation Biology 14(6):1870-1880.

q  CHANDLER R.B., TOLFREE S., GERWIN J., SMALLING C., CHAVARRIA-DURIAUX L, DURIAUX G: & KING D.I. (2016) Conservation Implications of Golden-winged Warbler Social and Foraging Behaviors during the Nonbreeding Season. Chapter eleven. Pp. 175-192. En STREBY H.M., ANDERSEN D.E. & BUEHLER D.A. (editors) Golden-winged Warbler ecology, conservation, and habitat management. Studies in Avian Biology (No. 49); CRC Press, Boca Raton; Florida, USA. 

q  CHAPIN J.P. (1932) In Memoriam: Waldron Dewitt Miller, 1879-1929. The Auk, XLIX(1):1-9.

q  CHASE M.K., NUR N. & GEUPEL G.R. (1997) Survival, productivity, and abundance in a Wilson’s Warbler population. The Auk, 114(3):354-366.

q  CHASSOT O. & MONGE ARIAS G. (2004) Tercer festival binacional de las lapas 2004 en la cuenca del Rio San Juan. 21pp. [Cita Nicaragua].

q  CHASSOT O., FIGUEROA A., MONGE G., RUIZ A., MARISCAL T. & KJELDSEN J.P. (2005) Campaña binacional sobre la ecología de Ara ambiguus, Nicaragua – Costa Rica. Primer Simposio Mesoamericano de Psittaciformes, IX Congreso de la Sociedad Mesoamericana para la Biología y la Conservación. La Ceiba, Honduras, Noviembre 2005, pp. 118-123.

q  CHATERJEE S.,TEMPLIN R.J. & CAMPBELL K. E. (2007) The aerodynamics of Argentavis, the world’s largest flying bird from the Miocene of Argentina. PNAS, 6 pp.

q  CHAVARRIA L. & DURIAUX G. (2007) Lista de las Aves de la Reserva Silvestre Privada El Jaguar. Birds inventory list Reserva Nebliselva El Jaguar. ALAS, Red de Reservas Silvestres Privadas, Nicaragua, 90 pp.

q  CHAVARRIA L. & DURIAUX G. (2008) Vermivora chrysoptera: Abundancia, distribución, y uso del hábitat en la zona centro norte de Nicaragua. Primer pulso 2007 – 2008. ALAS, TNC, Nicaragua, 75 pp.

q  CHAVES-CAMPOS J., AREVALO J.E. & ARAYA M. (2003) Altitudinal movements and conservation of Bare-necked Umbrellabird Cephalopterus glabricollis of the Tilarán Mountains, Costa Rica. Bird Conservation International, 13:45-58.

q  CHEKE R.A. & TRATALOS J.A. (2007) Migration, patchiness, and population processes illustrated by two migrant pests. BioSciences, 57(2):145-154.

q  CHIAPPE L.M. & BERTELLI S. (2006) Skull morphology of giant terror birds. Nature, 443:929.

q  CLARK  L. & HALL  J. (2006) Avian Influenza In Wild Birds: Status As Reservoirs, And risks To Humans And Agriculture. Ornithological Monographs, 60: 3-29.

q  CLARK J. & FEO T.J. (2007) The Anna’s hummingbird chirps with its tail: a new mechanism of sonation in birds. Proc. R. Soc. B. 2007 8pp.

q  CODY M.L. (2000) Antbird Guilds in the lowland Carribean Rainforest of Southeast Nicaragua (Refugio Bartola). The Condor, 102:784-794.

q  CODY M.L. (2000) Two new species for Nicaragua. Cotinga, 13:65-66.

q  CROOKS K.R., SUAREZ A.V., BOLGER D.T. & SOULES M.E.  (2001) Extinction and Colonization of Birds on Habitat Islands. Conservation Biology 15(1):159-172.

q  DAVIES R.G., ORME C.D.L., STORCH D., OLSON V.A., THOMAS G.H., ROSS S.G., DING T.-S., RASMUSSEN P.C., BENNETT P.M., OWENS I.P.F., BLACKBURN T.M. & GASTON K.J. (2007) Topography, energy and the global distribution of bird species richness. Proceedings of the Royal Society, B, 9 pp.

q  DEINLEIN M.  (traducido por Caicedo C.) (xxxx) Si se tienen alas, a volar se dijo: las adaptaciones de las aves para la migración. Smithsonian Migratory Bird Center, Hoja de datos, 4:4 pp.

q  DEINLEIN M. (Traducción CAICEDO C.) (xxxx) Conceptos básicos sobre las aves migratorias neotropicales. Smithsonian Migratory Bird Center, 5 pp.

q  DEINLEIN  M. (xxxx) When it Comes to Pesticides, Birds are Sitting Ducks. Smithsonian Migratory Bird Center, 4pp.

q  DELANY S. & SCOTT D. (2006) Waterbird Population Estimates. Fourth Edition. Wetlands International. 8 + 23 + 177 + 21 pp. >> Parte 1 + Parte 2 + Parte 3 + Parte 4 o Parte 3 y 4 Excel.

q  DELISO   E. (2008) Climate Change and the Hummingbirds of the Monteverde Cloud Forest, Costa Rica / Centro Científico Tropical.-1 ed. San José, C.R. 42pp.

q  DEFENDERS (2002) Yellow-naped Parrot (Amazona auropalliata). Proposal 12.16. Perico de nuca-amarilla(Amazona auropalliata). Propuesta 12.16. Defenders of Wildlife, World Parrot Trust, 2 pp.

q  DINIZ-FILHO  J.A.F., RAMOS de SANT´ANA  C. E., de SOUZA M. C. & RANGEL  T.F.L.V.B. (2002) Null models and spatial patterns of species richness in South American birds of prey. Ecology Letters, 5: 47-55.

q  Dennis J.V. (1964) Woodpecker damage to utility poles: with special reference to the role of territory and resonance. (Incl. Lucanidae). Bird-Banding, XXXV(4):225-253.

q  DeSante D.F., Saracco J.F. & Vivar Alvarez (Traducido por DeSucre Medrano A.E., Ramírez Bastida P. & Opengo Piña L.H.) (2004) Manual MoSI 2004-05. Instrucciones para el establecimiento y manejo de estaciones de anillamiento de aves del programa MoSI (Monitoreo de Sobrevivencia Invernal). Institute for Bird Populations, 214:50 pp.

q  Dickerman R.W. (1975) Revision of the short-billed marsh wren (Cistothorus platensis) of Mexico and Central America. American Museum novitates, 2569:8pp.

q  DICKERMAN R.W. (1985) Ornithological Literature. The A.O.U. Check-List of North American Birds. 6th Edition. Wilson Bull., 97(1):130-131.

q  Dickey D.R. & van Rossem A.J. (1938) The Birds of El Salvador. Field Museum of Natural History, Zoological Series, 23:1-609.

q  DOMITILA  (2003) Lista de Aves Avistadas en Domitila Reserva Silvestre Privada. 3pp

q  DOUCET  S. M., McDONALD  D. B., FOSTER  M. S. & CLAY  R. P. (2007) Plumage Development and Molt in Long-Tailed Manakins (Chiroxiphia linearis): Variation According To Sex And Age. The Auk, 124(1): 29-43.

q  DUFFY  D. C. (1988) Ornithology in Central and South America: Cause for Optimism?. The Auk, 105(2): 395-396.

q  DUNN E.H. & RALPH C.J. (xxxx) Use of mist nets as a tool for bird population monitoring. Studies in Avian Biology, 29:1-6.

q  DURRANT  et al. (2006) Avian Hematozoa in south America: A comparison of Temperate and Tropical Zones. Ornithological Monographs, 60:98-111.

q  DuVAL E.H. (2007) Adaptative Advantages of Cooperative Courtship for Subordinate Male Lance-Tailed Manakins. The American Naturalist, 169(4):10 pp.

q  DuVAL  E. H. (2007) Cooperative Display And Lekking Behavior Of The Lance-Tailed Manakin (Chiroxiphia lanceolata). The Auk, 124(4):1168-1185.

q  Dwight J. & Griscom L. (1921) A Revision of Atlapetes gutturalis with descriptions of three new races. American Museum Novitates, 16:4 pp.

q  Eisenmann E. (1962) Notes on nighthawks of the genus Chordeiles in southern Middle America, with a description of a new race of Chordeiles minor breeding in Panamá. American Museum novitates, 2094:21 pp.

q  EISERMANN K. (2003) Status and conservation of Yellow-headed Parrot Amazona oratrix guatemalensis” on the Atlantic coast of Guatemala. Bird Conservation International, 13:361-366.

q  F.M.C. (1894) Richmond’s Notes on Nicaraguan Birds. The Auk, XI:170-171.

q  FERRAZ   G., NICHOLS  J. D., HINES  J. E., STOUFFER  P. C., BIERREGAARD  R. O. Jr. & LOVEJOY  T. E. (2007) A Large-Scale Deforestation Experiment: Effects of Patch Area and Isolation on Amazon Birds. Science, 315: 238-241.

q  FITZPATRICK J.W., LAMMERTINK M., LUNEAU Jr. M.D., GALLAGHER T.W., HARRISON B.R., SPARLING G.M., ROSENBERG K.V., ROHRBAUGH R.W., SWARTHOUT E.C.H., WREGE P.H., SWARTHOUT S.B., DANTZKER M.S., CHARIF R.A., BARKSDALE T.R., REMSEN Jr.J.V., SIMON S.D. & ZOLLNER D. (2005) Ivory-Billed Woodpecker (Campephilus principalis) Persists in Continental North America. Sciencexpress, Report 6pp.

q  FLEISCHLI   M.A., FRANSON  J.C., THOMAS  N.J., FINLEY  D.L. & RILEY  W. Jr. (2004) Avian Mortality Events in the United States Caused by Anticholinesterase Pesticides: A Retrospective Summary of National Wildlife Health Center Records from 1980 to 2000. Arch. Environ. Contam. Toxicol., 46: 542-550

q  FRASER  K. C., KYSER  T. K. & RATCLIFFE  L. M. (2008) Detecting Altitudinal Migration Events in Neotropical Birds Using Stable Isotopes. Biotropica, 40(3): 269-279.

q  FREDDERICK P.C., CORREA SANDOVAL J., LUTHIN Ch. & SPALDING M. (1997) The importance of the Caribbean Coastal Wetlands of Nicaragua and Honduras to Central American populations of waterbirds and Jabiru storks (Jabiru mycteria). J. Field Ornithol., 68(2):287-295.

q  FRENCH K. (1999) Spatial variability in species composition in birds and insects. Journal of Insect Conservation, 3:183-189.

q  FRIEND M. & FRANSON J.C. (1999) Field Manual of Wildlife Diseases. General Field Procedures and Diseases of Birds. U.S. Department of the Interior, U.S. Geological Survey, Biological Resources Division, Information and Technology Report 1999-001, 438 pp.

q  GALEANO M.I., MARTINEZ-SANCHEZ J.C., MORALES S., MARTINEZ A. & ZOLOTOFF PALLAIS J.M. (2002) Manual para Capacitación de Guías en Aviturismo. 19 pp.

q  GALEANO M.I. (2003) Proyecto Nicaraguense de Educación Ambiental para las Aves Migratorias. Informe Final. 32 pp.

q  GALINDO-GONZALEZ J., GUEVARA S. & SOSA V.J. (2000) Bat-and Bird-Generated Seed Rains at Isolated Trees in Pastures in a Tropical Rainforest. Conservation Biology 14 (6):1693-1703.

q  GAUTHIER-CLERC  M., LEBARBENCHON C. & THOMAS  F. (2007) Recent expansion of highly pathogenic avian influenza H5N1: a critical review. Ibis, 13 pp.

q  GEMA (2002) Inventario de la Avifauna presente en las cuencas de los ríos Tapias – Tareas y aferentes directos al Cauca Zona Sur, Departamento de Caldas, Colombia. Grupo de Exploración y Monitoreo Ambiental – GEMA, Instituto de Investigación de Recursos Biológicos Alexander Von Humboldt, Colombia, 28 pp.

q  GERMER SANCHEZ L.D. & CALIX ZELAYA M.E. (2007) Aves de la Ciudad Universitaria UNAH, Guía para el Entusiasta de la Avifauna. HonduBirding, Honduras, 41 pp.

q  GILBOY A. (xxxx) Effects of landscape spatial structure and composition on models of pine warbler (Dendroica pinus) habitat selection. School of Natural Resources and Environment University of Michigan. 16pp.

q  GILLEPSIE T.W. (2001) Application of Extinction and Conservation Theories for Forest Birds in Nicaragua. Conservation Biology, 15(3):699-709.

q  GILLEPSIE T.W. & WALTER H. (2001) Distribution of bird species richness at a regional scale in tropical dry forest of Central America. Journal of Biogeography, 28:651-662.

q  Gillespie T.W. (2002) Latitudinal extent and natural history characteristics of birds in Nicaragua. Global Ecology & Biogeography, 11:411-417.

q  GOMEZ D. & THERY M. (2007) Simultaneus Crypsis and Conspicuousness in Color Patterns: Comparative Analysis of a Neotropical Rainforest Bird Community. The American Naturalist, 169(Supplement):S42-S61.

q  GOMEZ M. (2002) Los Bosques de Pino-Roble de el Salvador: Ecosistemas Claves para la Conservacion de las  Aves. SalvaNatura, Fundacion ecologica de El Salvador, 3pp.

q  GONZALEZ-GARCIA F., BROOKS D.M. & SRAHL S.D. (xxxx) Estado de conservación de los Cracidos en México y Centroamérica / Status of Cracids in Mexico and Northern Central America. (ex versión en Word) 32 pp.

q  GREENBERG R. & BICHIER P. (2005) Determinants of tree species preference of bird in oak-acacia woodlands of Central America. Journal of Tropical Ecology, 21:57-66.

q  GRISCOM  H. P., KALKO  E. K. V. & ASHTON  M. S. (2006) Frugivory by Small Vertebrates Within a Deforested, Dry Tropical Region of Central America. Biotopica, 5pp.

q  Griscom L. (1929) A Review of Eumomota superciliosa. Proceedings of the New England Zoological Club, XI:51-56.

q  Griscom L. (1935) Critical notes on Central American birds in the British Museum. Ibis., 1935:541-554.

q  GUTIERREZ RAMIREZ M. (2007) Comportamiento poblacional de aves y biometría de Elaenia frantzii en el Bosque Nuboso de la Reserva Natural Volcán Mombacho. Un estudio de cinco años de la avifauna de Mombacho, diciembre 2002 – marzo 2007. Monografía, Tesis de Licenciatura en Biología, UNAN Managua, Nicaragua, 91 pp.

q  HACKETT  S. J., KIMBALL  R.T., REDDY  S., BOWIE  R.C.K., BRAUN  E.L., BRAUN  M.J., CHOJNOWSKI  J.L., COX  W.A., HAN  K-L., HARSHMAN  J., HUDDLESTON  C.J., MARKS  B.D., MIGLIA  K.J., MOORE  W.S., SHELDON  F.H., STEADMAN  D.W., WITT  C.C. & YURI  T. (2008) A Phylogenomic Study of Birds Reveals Their Evolutionary History. Science, 320: 1763-1768.

q  Haffer J. (1967) Speciation in Colombian forest birds west of the Andes. American Museum novitates, 2294:57 pp.

q  Hafidzi M.N., Hamzah M.L. & Jamaluddin M.S. (2003) Ranging behaviour of Tyto alba in ricefield from radio telemetry studies. Journal of Malasian Applied Biology, 32(1):47-51.

q  HANSON D.A. (1982) Distribution of the quetzal in Honduras.p.385.

q  HARDY J.W. (1976) Comparative breeding behavior and ecology of the Bushy-crested and Nelson San Blas Jays. The Wilson Bulletin, 88(1):96-120.

q  HART  N. S. & HUNT  D. M. (2007) Avian Visual Pigments: Characteristics, Spectral Tuning, and Evolution. Supplement The American Naturalist, 169: 7-26

q  HEADS M. (2002) Birds of Paradise, vicariance biogeography and terrane tectonics in New Guinea. Journal of Biogeography, 29:261-283.

q  HEINRICH B. & BUGNYAR T. (2007) Recent experiments show that these birds use logic to solve problems and that some of their abilities approach or even surpass those of the great apes. Scientific American, april 2007 p64-71.

q  HERNANDEZ POTOSME S. & MUÑOZ F. (2006) Establecimiento de prioridades para la conservación del Hábitat invernal de la reinita dorada Dendroica chrysoparia en Nicaragua. Informe de Consultoria, The Nature Conservancy, Nicaragua, 32 pp.

q  HOLMES S.B. (1998) Reproduction and nest behaviour of Tennessee warblers Vermivora peregrina in forests treated with Lepidoptera-specific insecticides. Journal of Applied Ecology, 35:185-194.

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Descripción: Descripción: Descripción: Logotipo links  LINKS  A OTRAS BIBLIOTECAS VIRTUALES O DE INTERES PARA ESTE TOPICO


Si se siente desconectado de la Ornitología de este Continente americano, le será de utilidad el boletín “La Tangara”, enlace entre los ornitólogos. Este boletín es editado por José Manuel Zolotoff, de Nicaragua y puesto gratuitamente a su disposición en la pagina web :


Base de datos de especimenes de aves contenidos en las colecciones del Museo Nacional de Historia Natural de Estados Unidos, Smitsonian. Contiene muchos especimenes de Nicaragua (1292 en Marzo 2008).


Si quieres saber mas sobre la posible relación entre Cuervos y humanos, Ava Wellington le ofrece su opinión en “Can you have a pet Raven ? Here’s The Answer.”: