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La biblioteca virtual de BIO-NICA no tiene fines lucrativo, tan solo apoyar a investigadores, estudiantes y público en general a documentarse en temas que tienen que ver con Biodiversidad.

Los documentos presentados son obtenidos de la Internet o de amigos o son publicaciones de miembros o asociados del Museo Entomológico o de ALAS.





q  Angulo A., Betts J.T., Gonzalez-Aleman N.J., Castañeda E., van den Berghe E., Elias D.J., McMahan C.D. & Matamoros W.A. (2023) Continental fishes of Nicaragua: diversity, distribution and conservation status; with an annotated and illustrated checklist of species and an identification guide to families. Zootaxa, 5376: 89 pp.

q  Anónimo (2003) Tilapia fish farming (Oreochromys spp.) in floating cages in Ometepe Island, Lake Cocibolca. 6 pp.

q  Anónimo (xxxx) Estudios de mercado. Tilapia y trucha en diferentes presentaciones. 13 pp.

q  Anónimo (xxxx) Anguilliformes and Saccopharyngiformes. En Early stages of Fishes in the Western North Atlantic Ocean. Pp.16-61.

q  ANONIMO (xxxx) Anexo 3, Cuadro General de las Especies Hidrobiológicas. Pp.712-750. (cita Nicaragua).

q  ANONIMO (xxxx) Geographical distribution/localities. 56pp.

q  Aquaculture CRSP (2005) Aquaculture Collaborative Research Support Program. Eleventh Work Plan, Part II. Aquaculture CRSP, Oregon State University, Corvallis, Oregon, USA, 210 pp.

q  AROSEMENA  A.D. (2006) Community structure and patterns of diversity in reef fish communities in the Tropical Western Atlantic and Tropical Eastern Pacific. Dissertation zur Erlangung des Doktorgrades.  Angefertig am Zentrum für Marine Tropenökologie Innerhalb de Fachberichs 2, Der Universität Bremen, 178pp.

q  Astorqui I. (1971) Peces de la Cuenca de los lagos de Nicaragua. Revista de Biología Tropical, 19:7-57.

q  BARLOW G.W. (1976) En Investigations of the Ichthyofauna of Nicaraguan Lakes. (Edited by T.B. Thorson). Pp. 333-358. University of Nebraska Press, Nebraska.

q  BARLOW G.W. & MUNSEY J.W. (1976) En Investigations of the Ichthyofauna of Nicaraguan Lakes. (Edited by T.B. Thorson). Pp. 359-369. University of Nebraska Press, Nebraska.

q  BARLUENGA M. & MEYER A. (2004) The Midas cichlid species complex: incipient sympatric speciation in Nicaragua cichlid fishes ? Molecular Ecology, 13:2061-2076.

q  BARLUENGA M., STOLTING K.N., SALZBURGER W., MUSCHICK M. & MEYER A. (2004) Sympatric speciation in Nicaraguan crater lake cichlid fish. Nature, 439:719-723.

q  BARREIRO M.M. (2002) Leituras: Á caza das derradeiras quenllas. COSAL, Nicaragua, 4pp.

q  BEDARF A.T., McKAYE K.R., Van Den BERGHE E.P., PEREZ L.J.L. & SECOR D.H. (2001) Initial sex-year expansion of an introduced piscivorous fish in a tropical Central American lake. Biological Invasions, 3:391-404.

q  BERMINGHAM E. & MARTIN A.P. (1998) Comparative mtDNA phylogeography of neotropical freshwater fishes: testing shared history to infer the evolutionary landscape of lower Central America. Molecular Ecology, 7:499-517.

q  BÖHLKE  E.B., McCOSKER  J.E. & BÖHLKE  J.E. (1998) Family Muraenidae. In Fishes of western North Atlantic, Memoir No. 1, 9(1):665pp.

q  BÖHLKE  E.B. (xxxx) Muraenidae. Frequent synonyms. Bony Fishes, pp.711-718.

q  BOUCHON-NAVARO  Y., BOUCHON  C., LOUIS  M. & LEGENDRE  P. (2005) Biogeographic patterns of coastal fishassemblages in the West Indies. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 315: 31-47.

q  Bussing W.A. (1967) New species and new records of Costa Rican freshwater fishes with a tentative list of species. Rev. Biol. Trop., 14(2):205-249.

q  BUSSING W.A. (1976) Geographic distribution of the San Juan ichthyofauna of Central America with remarks on its origin and ecology. Investigations of the ichthyofauna of Nicaragua lakes (Edited by T.B. Thorston), pp.157-175. University of Nebraska, Lincoln.

q  BUSSING W.A. (1985) Patterns of the distribution of the Central American ichthyofauna. The Great American Biotic Interchange (Edited by F.G. Stehli & S.D. Webb), pp.453-473. Plenum Press, New York.

q  CAMACHO  J.J. & GADEA E.  V. (2005) Estudio Técnico Científico del Róbalo en Río San Juan y  El Gran Lago de Nicaragua. Proyecto Araucaria Río San Juan-MARENA, 154pp.

q  CANONICO G.C., ARTHINGTON A., McCRARY J.K. & THIEME M. (2005) The efects of introduced tilapias on native biodiversity. Acuatic Conservation Marine  and Fresh-water Ecosystems 15:463-483. [Menciona Nicaragua].

q  Castillo Campo L.F. (xxxx) La importancia de la Tilapia roja en el desarrollo de la piscicultura en Colombia. Asociación Red Cauca, Alevinos del Valle, Colombia, 20 pp.

q  CHENEY  K. L., GRUTTER  A. S. & MARSHALL  N. J. (2007) Facultative mimicry: cues for colour change and colour accuracy in a coral reef fish. Proceedings of The Royal Society B. 6 pp.

q  COLEMAN R. (2006) Cichlids in Nicaragua: The fishes. Ex Web page, 3 pp.

q  COTTO SANCHEZ A. (xxxx) Guia de identificación de peces marinos de Nicaragua. 58 pp.

q  Cotto Sánchez A. (2006) Listado taxonómico de los peces identificados en los océanos Atlántico y Pacífico de Nicaragua. Segunda revisión, Managua, Nicaragua. 35 pp.

q  DAW  T. M. (2008) Spatial distribution of effort by artisanal fishers: Exploring economic factors affecting the lobster fisheries of the Corn Islands, Nicaragua. Fisheries Research, 90: 17-25.

q  ELMER K.R., LEHTONEN T.K. & MEYER A. (2009) Color assortative mating contributes to sympatric divergence of neotropical Cichlid fish. Evolution, 63-10:2750-2757.

q  ELMER K.R., LEHTONEN T.K., KAUTT A.F., HARROD Ch. & MEYER A. (2010) Rapid sympatric ecological differentiation of crater lake Cichlid fishes within historic times. BMC Biology, 8(60):15 pp.

q  ELMER K.R., FAN S., JONES J.C., BOEKHOFF S., KURAKU S. & MEYER A. (2010) Rapid evolution and selection inferred from the transcriptomes of sympatric crater lake Cichlid fishes. Molecular Ecology, 19(Suppl.1):197-211.

q  ELMER K.R., KUSCHE H., LEHTONEN T.K. & MEYER A. (2009) Local variation and parallele evolution: morphological and genetic diversity across a species complex of neotropical crater lake Cichlid fishes. En LLEGREN H. (Ed.) Origin of Species: 150 years later. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B, 365(1547):1763-1782.

q  ENGLE  C.R., NEIRA  I., FUNEZ  N.O. & MONESTIME  D. (2002) Development of Central American Markets for Tilapia Produced inthe Region. Nineteenth Annual Technical Report. 6pp.

q  ENGLE C.R. & NEIRA I. (2003) Potential for Supermarket Outlets for Tilapia in Nicaragua. Research Reports, Aquaculture Collaborative Research Support Program, 18pp.

q  ENGLE  C.R. & NEIRA  I. (2003) Potential for Open-Air Fish Market Outlets for Tilapia in Nicaragua. CRSP Research Report 03-190. 18pp.

q  FISHBASE (2003) List of Freshwater Fishes for Nicaragua. Ex Web Page, 3 pp.

q  Fitzsimmons K. (xxxx) Future trends of Tilapia Aquaculture in the Americas. University of Arizona, 13 pp.

q  FOWLER   H. W. (1903) Notes on a Few Fishes from the Mosquito Coast of Nicaragua. Academy of Natural Sciences, 55: 346-350.

q  Galvani A.P. & Coleman R.M. (1988) Do parental convict cichlid of different sizes value the same brood number equally ? Animal Behaviour, 56:541-546.

q  GAVRILETS  S., VOSE  A., BARLUENGA  M., SALZBURGUER  W. & MEYERS  A. (2007) Case studies and mathematical models of ecological speciation. 1. Cichlids in a crater lake. Molecular Ecology, 17pp.

q  GILL & BRANSFORD (1877) Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadephia. Pp. 182-190.

q  GOLANI  D., AZZURRO  E., CORSINI-FOKA  M., FALAUTANO  M., ANDALORO  F. & BERNARDI  G. (2007) Genetic bottlenecks and successful biological invasions: the case of a recent Lessepsian migrant. Biology Letters, 5pp.

q  GUNTHER (1864) Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond., pp. 154.

q  GUNTHER (1866) Cat., V, p. 344; VI, p. 336.

q  GUNTHER (1869) Fisher of Central America. Pp. 440-453, lam. Lxxii-Lxxiv.

q  HAMPTON  K.  (2007) Reduced Sexual Attractivness of redundant Males in the Maintenance of Guppy Color Polymorphism. Eukaryon, 9: 105-111.

q  HILDEBRAND  S. F. (1939) The Panama Canal as a Passageway for Fishes, with List and Remarks on the Fishes and Invertebrates. Observed (Introductory Sections). 38pp.

q  HOMZIAK J. (xxxx) CAFTA Interim Environmental Review – Lake Nicaragua. 4 pp.

q  HRBEK  T., SECKINGER  J. & MEYER  A. (2007) A phylogenetic and biogeographic perspective on the evolution of poeciliid fishes. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 43: 986-998.

q  HUBBS  C., POTTER  F.E. Jr., ECHELLE  A., CONTRERAS-BALDERAS  S., JENSEN  B. & HATCH  M.D. (1982) Recovery plan for Clear Creek Gambusia. Gambusia heterochir Hubbs,1957. The Rio Grande Fishes Recovery Team, 35pp.

q  HULSEY  C.D. (2006) Function of a key morphological innovation: fusion of the cichlid pharyngeal jaw. Proc. R. Soc. B. 273: 669-675.

q  IICA (2003) Agricultores exploran nuevo “cultivo”, Siembra de Tilapia. IICA Nicaragua Agronoticias, 3:2.

q  IICA (2003) Tilapia, el segundo pez más consumido. IICA Nicaragua Agronoticias, 7:6.

q  JAIA P. (xxxx) Pesca a la mosca. Nozioni di Entomologia. 17 pp.

q  JANVIER  P. (2007) Born-again hagfishes. Evolutionary Biology. Nature, 2pp.

q  JOSEPH SEQUEIRA K.M. (2002) Development of Artisanal Fishery in Rama Cay community, Atlantic Coast of Nicaragua. Thesis, Master of Science in International Fisheries Management, University of Tromso, Norway, 99 pp.

q  JOWERS  M. J., COHEN  B. L. & DOWNIE  J. R. (2008) The cypronodont fish Rivulus (Aplocheiloidei: Rivulidae) in Trinidad and Tobago: molecular evidence for marine dispersal, genetic isolation and local differentiation. J. Zool. Syst Evol Res, 46(1): 48-55.

q  KLINGENBERG  C.P., BARLUENGA  M. & MEYER  A. (2003) Body shape variation in cichlid fishes of the Amphilophus citrinellus species complex. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society, 80: 397-408. {cita Nicaragua}

q  KOLAR C. (2004) Risk assessment and screening for potentially invasive fishes. New Zealand Journal of Marine and Freswater Reseach, 38: 391-397.

q  KULLANDER S. (2006) Amphilophus labiatus in Nicaragua. Red devil. Ex web page, 2 pp.

q  KULLANDER S. (2006) Amphilophus zaliosus in Nicaragua. Arrow cichlid. Ex web page, 2 pp.

q  KULLANDER S. (2006) Oreochromis aureus in Nicaragua. Blue tilapia. Ex web page, 4 pp.

q  KULLANDER S. (2006) Oreochromis mossambicus in Nicaragua. Mozambique tilapia. Ex web page, 2 pp.

q  LOPEZ H.L., BONETTO A.A., GOMEZ S.E. & PROTOGINO L.C. (1993) Bibliografía Argentina del género Prochilodus (Pisces: Curimatidae). Biología Acuática, 17:21 pp.

q  LÓPEZ  H. L., MENNI  R. C., DONATO  M. & MIQUELARENA  A. M. (2008) Biogeographical revision of Argentina (Andean and Neotropical Regions): an analysis using freshwater fishes. Journal of Biogeography, 16pp.

q  LUZ-AGOSTINHO  K.D.G., BINI  L.M., FUGI  R., AGOSTINHO  A.A. & JÚLIO  H.F. Jr. (2006) Food spectrum and trophic structure of the ichthyofauna of Corumbá reservoir, Paraná river Basin, Brazil. Sociedade Brasileira de Ictiologia. Neotropical Ichthyology 4(1): 61-68.

q  MALDONADO-OCAMPO J.A., ORTEGA-LARA A., USMA OVIEDO J.S., GALVIS VERGARA G., VILLA-NAVARRO F.A., VASQUEZ GAMBOA L., PRADA-PEDREROS S. & ARDILA RODRIGUEZ C. (2005) Peces de los Andes de Colombia. Instituto Humboldt, Colombia, 346 pp. Parte 1 + Parte 2 + Parte 3 + Parte 4 + Parte 5.

q  MARUSKA  K.P. & PEYTON  K.A. (2007) Interspecific Spawning between a recent Immgrant and an Endemic Damselfish (Pisces: Pomacentridae) in the Hawaiian Islands. Pacific Science, 61(2): 211-221.

q  McCrary J.K., Berghe E.P.van den & McKaye K.R. (2005) A breeding population of Theraps underwoodi (Teleostei: Cichlidae) on Ometepe Island, Nicaragua, Nicaragua, and implications for its Dispersal Mechanism. Caribbean Journal of Sciences, 41(4):874-876.

q  McCRARY  J.K., MURPHY  B.R., STUFFER  J.R. Jr. & HENDRIX  S.S. (2006) Tilapia (Teleostei: Cichlidae) status in Nicaraguan natural waters. Springer Science + Business Media B.V., 12pp. (Versión muy desconfigurada).

q  McDONALD  D. B., PARCHMAN  T. L., BOWER  M. R., HUBERT  W. A. & RAHEL  F. (2007) An introduced and a native vertebrate hybridize to form a genetic bridge to a second native species. PNAS, 105(31): 10842-10847.

q  McKaye K.R. (1977) Competition for breeding sites between the cichlid fishes of Lake Jiloa, Nicaragua. Ecology, 58:291-302.

q  McKaye K.R. (1986) Mate choice and size assortative pairing by the cichlid fishes of Lake Jiloa, Nicaragua. Journal of Fish Biology, 29 Suppl.A:135-150.

q  McKaye K.R., Ryan J.D., Stauffer J.R., Lopez L.J., Vega G.I. & Berghe E.P.van den (1995) African tilapia in Lake Nicaragua: Ecosystem in transition. BioScience, 45:406-411.

q  McKAYE K.R., STAUFFER J.R., Van Den BERGHE E.P., VIVAS R., LOPEZ PEREZ L.J., McCRARY J.K., WAID R., KONINGS A., LEE W.-J. & KOCHER T.D. (2002) Behavioral, Morphological and Genetic Evidence of Divergence of the Midas Cichlid Species Complex in Two Nicaraguan Crater Lakes. Evidencias comportamental, Morfológica, y genética de divergence en el complejo de especies de la mojarra común en dos lagunas cratéricas Nicaraguenses. Cuadernos de Investigación de la UCA, 12:19-47.

q  McNeely J.A. & Schutyser F. (2003) Invasive species: a global concern bubbling to the surface. International Conference on the Impact of Global Environmental Problems on Continental and Coastal Marine Waters. Geneva, Switzerland, July 2003, 14 pp.

q  MEEK   S. E. (1907) Synopsis of the fishes of the Great Lakes of Nicaragua. Field Columbian Museum. Publication  121. Zoölogical  Series. Vol. VII, No. 4, 50pp.

q  METCALF  et al. (2007) Across the great divide: genetic forensics reveals misidentification of endangered cutthroat trout populations. Molecular Ecology, 10pp.

q  MOLLER  P.R. & JONES  W.J. (2007) Eptatretus strickrotti n. sp. (Myxinidae): First Hagfish Captured From a Hydrothermal Vent. Reference: Biol. Bull. 212: 55-66.

q  Molnar J.J., Meyer D.E., Jolly C. & Traxler G. (2005) Understanding the Aquaculture Knowledge and Information System for Commercial Tilapia Production in Nicaragua: Economics, Institutions, and Markets. Pp. 31-36. En : Aquaculture CRSP (2005) Aquaculture Collaborative Research Support Program. Eleventh Work Plan, Part II. Aquaculture CRSP, Oregon State University, Corvallis, Oregon, USA, 210 pp.

q  MRAG (1995) A Synthesis of Simple Empirical Model to Predict Fish Yields in Tropical Lake and Reservoirs. Final Report. Fisheries Management Science Programme of the Overseas Developpment Administration, MRAG Ltd., 109 pp.

q  MURPHY  W.J. & COLLIER  G.E. (1996) Phylogenetic  Relationships  Within Aplocheiloid Fish Genus Rivulus (Cyprinodontiformes, Rivulidae): Implications for Caribbean and Central American Biogeography. Mol. Biol. Evol. 13(5): 642-649 (Cita Nicaragua).

q  NEIRA  I.  & ENGLE  C.R. (2002) Markets for tilapia (Oreochromis sp.) in Nicaragua: a descriptive analysis of restaurants, supermarkets and stands in open markets. Research Reports, 1pp.

q  NEIRA I. & ENGLE C. (2003) Potential for Restaurant Markets for Tilapia in Nicaragua. Research Reports, Acuaculture Collaborative Research Support Program Sustainable Aquaculture for a Secure Future, 28pp.

q  OTA  K.G., KURAKU  S. & KURATANI  S. (2007)  Hagfish embriology with refence to the evolution of the neural crest. Nature, 4pp.

q  Pérez Athanasiadis H. (1999) Estado de la Acuicultura rural en pequeña escala en Centroamérica. Red de Acuicultura Rural en Pequeña Escala, Taller ARPE, FAO-UCT, Noviembre 1999, 11 pp.

q  Peterson M.S., Slack W.T., Brown-Peterson N.J. & McDonald J.L. (2004) Reproduction in Nonnative Environments: Establishment of Nile Tilapia, Oreochromis niloticus, in Coastal Mississippi Watersheds. Copeia, 2004(4):842-849.

q  PIETSCH  T.W. & ORR  J.W. (2007) Phylogenetic Relationships of Deep-sea Anglerfishes of the Suborder Ceratioidei (Teleostei: Lophiiformes) Based on Morphology. COPEIA 1: 1-34.

q  PONDELLA D.J., CRAIG M.T. & FRANCK J.P.C. (2003) The Phylogeny of Paralabrax (Perciformes: Serranidae) and allied taxa inferred from partial 16S and 12S mitochondrial ribosomal DNA sequences. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 29:176-184.

q  QUINTERO L. (2007) Por crianza de tilapias. Nicanor no teme que la echen del Gran Lafo. Nuevo Diario, 21 de Junio 2007, 1 p.

q  REEF (2002) Fish and Benthic Monitoring Workshop Summary Report. May 29 – June 3, 2002. San Andres Island, Colombia. The Reef Environmental Education Foundation and The Ocean Conservancy. 28 pp.

q  Renesto E., Zawadzki C.H. & Revaldaves E. (2001) Biochemical Taxonomy of Crenicichla (Pisces: Perciformes: Cichlidae) of the Iguacu River, Brasil. Brazilian Archives of Biology and Technology, 44(1):15-22.

q  ROBBINS W.D., HISANO M., CONNOLLY S.R. & CHOAT J.H. (2006) Ongoing collapse of Coral-Reef Shark populations. Current Biology, 16:2314-2319.

q  ROJAS M. J.R., MARAVILLA E. & CHICAS B. F. (2004) Hábitos alimentarios del pargo mancha Lutjanus guttatus (Pisces: Lutjanidae) en Los Cóbanos y Puerto La Libertad, El Salvador. Revista de Biologia Tropical, 52(1):163-170.

q  Rosen D.E. & Bailey R.M. (1972) Origin of the characid fish genus Bramocharax and a description of a second, more primitive, species in Guatemala. American Museum Novitates, 2500:22 pp.

q  Schliewen U., Rassmann K., Markmann M., Markert J., Kocher T. & Tautz D. (2001) Genetic and ecological divergence of a monophyletic cichlid species pair under fully sympatric conditions in Lake Ejagham, Cameroon. Molecular Ecology, 10:1471-1488.

q  SCHUSTER  S., ROSSEL  S., SCHMIDTMANN  A., JÄGER I. & PORALLA  J. (2004) Archer Fish Learn to Compensate for Complex Optical Distortions to Determine the Absolute Size of Their Aerial Prey. Current Biology, 14: 1565-1568.

q  SCHUSTER  S., WŐHL  S., GRIEBSCH  M. & KLOSTERMEIER  I. (2006) Animal Cognition: How Archer Fish Learn to Down Rapidly Moving Targets. Current Biology, 16: 378-383.

q  SIEBECK  U. E., WALLIS  G. M. & LITHERLAND  L. (2008) Colour vision in coral reef fish. The Journal of Experimental Biology, 211: 354-360.

q  SMITH S.A. & BERMINGHAM E. (2005) The biogeography of lower Mesoamerican freshwater fishes. Journal of Biogeography, 32:1835-1854.

q  Stauffer J.R. & McKaye K.R. (2002) Descriptions of three new species of cichlid fishes (Teleostei: Cichlidae) from Lake Xiloa, Nicaragua. Cuadernos de Investigación, 12:1-18.

q  STAUFFER J.R., McCRARY J.K. & BLACK K.E. (2008) Three new species of cichlid fishes (Teleostei: Cichlidae) from Lake Apoyo, Nicaragua. Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington, 121(1):117-129.

q  TAPHORN B.  D.C. (2006) Estado actual de la biodiversidad ictiologica en aguas dulces de Venezuela. BioCentro-UNELLEZ, Guanare Ecologia al Dia, pp2-4

q  THORSON  T.B. (1976) Investigations of the Ichthyofauna of Nicaraguan Lakes. University of Nebraska, Index 4pp.

q  THORSON T.B. (1982) The impact of commercial exploitation of sawfish and shark populations in Lake Nicaragua. Fisheries, 7:2-19.

q  THORSON  T. B., WATSON  D. E. & COWAN  C. M. (1996) The Status of the Freshwater Shark of Lake Nicaragua. Copeia, 3: 385-402.

q  Tribunal Centroamericano del Agua (2004) Tilapia in Cocibolca Lake, Nicaragua. 3 pp.

q  VanLOOK K.J.W., DZYUBA B., CLIFFE A., KOLDEWEY H.J. & HOLT W.V. (2007) Dimorphic sperm and the unlikely route to fertilization in the yellow seahorse. The Journal of Experimental Biology, 210:432-437.

q  Villa J. (1982) Peces Nicaraguenses de Agua Dulce. Colección Cultural, Banco de América, Managua, Nicaragua, 253 pp.

q  Waid R.M., Raesly R.L., McKaye K.R. & McCrary J.K. (1999) Zoogeografía íctica de lagunas cratéricas de Nicaragua. Encuentro, 51:65-80.

q  WALSH  M.R. & REZNICK  D.N. (2007) Interactions between the direct and indirect effects of predators determine life history evolution in a killifish. PNAS, 105(2): 594-599.

q  Wilson A.B., Noack-Kunnmann K. & Meyer A. (2000) Incipient speciation in sympatric Nicaraguan crater lake cichlid fishes: sexual selection versus ecological diversification. Proc. Royal Society London, B, 267:2133-2141.

q  WILSON A.B. (2002) Molecular investigations of speciation in the sea: comparing patterns of diversification in freshwater and marine organisms. Dissertation zur Erlangung eines Doktor der Naturwissenschaften. Konstanz, Deutschland, 144 pp. (Cita Nicaragua).

q  WROE   S., HUBER   D. R., LOWRY  M., McHENRY  C., MORENO  K., CLAUSEN  P., FERRARA  T. L., CUNNINGHAM  E., DEAN  M. N. & SUMMERS  A. P. (2008) Three-dimensional computer analysis of white shark jaw mechanics: how hard can a great white bite?. Journal of Zoology, 7pp.

q  ZAPATA F.A. & ROBERTSON D.R. (2007) How many species of shore fishes are there in the Tropical Eastern Pacific? Journal of Biogeography, 34:38-51.





Freshwater fish of Nicaragua :


COLEMAN R. : Cichlids in Nicaragua: The Fishes :