Gnaphaloryx (Gnaphaloryx) BURMEISTER, 1847

(G. = Gnaphaloryx opacus)

= Odontaegus KRIESCHE 1935 (G. = Aegus dain)


Gnaphaloryx (Gnaphaloryx) curtus KIRSCH, 1877.

Kirsch, 1877:101; Albers, 1885:233; Benesh, 1960:107; Franciscolo, 1984:510; Maes, 1992:96.

Lesser Sunda Is. : Aru I.--559S-13430E;

New Guinea : Dorei;

Bismarck Is. : New Britain I.--544S-15041E (Valoka), Duke of York I. (Manuan).

Note : could be a ssp. of opacus.

 

Gnaphaloryx (Gnaphaloryx) dain KRIESCHE, 1920 [Aegus, Odontaegus].

Kriesche, 1920:101; Kriesche, 1935:174; Didier & Sguy, 1953:156; Benesh, 1960:107; Franciscolo, 1984:510; Maes, 1992:96.

New Guinea : Bismarck Is. : New Britain I.--544S-15041E = Neupommern I.*.

 

Gnaphaloryx (Gnaphaloryx) multicavus (MIZUNUMA, 1994).

Dorcus multicavus MIZUNUMA in MIZUNUMA & NAGAI, 1994:30-31, fig. 86(a-f), p. 274, pl. 113, fig. 427(1-5) [Pulu Pulu] [multicavatus].

Sulawesi : Palopo, 255S-12006E : Rantepao : Pulu Pulu, 30-VIII / 2-IX-1986, leg. N. Nishikawa (3 males PARATYPUS, 2 females PARATYPUS in col. H. Fujita, Japan).

Sulawesi : Palopo, 255S-12006E : Rantepao : Pulu Pulu, I-1989 (female ALLOTYPUS in col. T. Mizunuma, Japn).

Sulawesi : Palopo, 255S-12006E : Rantepao : Pulu Pulu, II-1989 (male HOLOTYPUS in Kanagawa Prefectural Museum, Japan) (18 males PARATYPUS, 15 females PARATYPUS in col. T. Mizunuma, Japan) (1 male PARATYPUS, 1 female PARATYPUS in col. T. Mizukami, Japan).

Sulawesi : Palopo, 255S-12006E : Puncak, 29-III-1981, leg. H. Detani (1 male PARATYPUS in col. T. Mizunuma, Japan).

Bibliography.

MIZUNUMA T. & NAGAI S. (1994) The Lucanid Beetles of the World. Mushi-Sha's Iconographic Series of Insects, Ed. H. Fujita, Japan. Vol. I : 337 pp., 156 pls.

 

 

Gnaphaloryx (Gnaphaloryx) opacus BURMEISTER, 1847.

Dorcus bonasus DEJEAN 1837:194 [nomen nudum] [Java].

Lucanus (Macrognathus) taurus FABRICIUS; Hope & Westwood, 1845 [Java].

Gnaphaloryx opacus BURMEISTER, 1847:397 [Java].

Reiche, 1853:81; Parry, 1864:90; Vollenhoven, 1865:154, pl.2

Gnaphaloryx rugosus ALBERS, 1885:236.

Gnaphaloryx brevis (KIRSH) Albers, 1885:236 (nomen nudum).

Albers, 1889:236; Heyne & Taschenberg, 1908:55, pl.8; Oberthur & Houlbert, 1914:158

Gnaphaloryx andamanus KRIESCHE, 1920:101 [Andaman].

Gnaphaloryx tonkinensis KRIESCHE, 1920:101 [Annam : Phuc-Son; Tonkin : Than-Moi].

Nagel, 1925:3

Gnaphaloryx burmeisteri NAGEL, 1926:119 (new name for taurus).

Nagel, 1927:153; Miwa, 1933:365, pl.3; Miwa, 1934:323; Arrow, 1935:113; Arrow, 1950:76, pl.15; Didier & Sguy, 1953:151; Benesh, 1960:107-108; De Lisle, 1972; Klausnitzer, 1982:33; Franciscolo, 1984:507, 509; Bomans, 1991:145; Maes, 1992:96; Kawano, 1993:13; Kawano, 1994:9

Gnaphaloryx opacus BURMEISTER; Mizunuma & Nagai, 1994:296, 297-298, pl.134-135, fig.631(1-48).

Gnaphaloryx opacus BURMEISTER; Araya, 1994:6.

Gnaphaloryx opacus BURMEISTER; Bomans & Benoit, 2005:292.

      Myanmar = Burma;

      Andaman Is.;

      Nicobar Is.;

      Taiwan : ? (Kotosho);

      Thailand : Tak (road Mae-Sot--Umphang);

      Vietnam : Tonkin (Than-Moi), Annam (Phuc-Son);

      Malaya : Pahang (Cameron Highlands);

      Borneo : Sarawak (Songei Tutan--Kalabit Country--Mt. Poi, Kuching), Sabah (Crocker Range near Keningau), W. Kalimantan (Ulac--Mt. Kenepai, Mt. Bawang near Pontianak);

      Sumatra : Simeulue I. = Simalur I., N. Sumatra Prov. (Medan), Nias I., S. Sumatra Prov. (Mt. Dempo), Lampung Prov.;

      Java : W. Java (Mt. Gede), E. Java (Mt. Argopuro), Buitenzorg, Mt. Poentjak, Mt. Salak, Buitenzorg, Mt. Adjoeno, Toegoe, Pranger, Pengalengan, Kangean I.-- 650S-11520E;

      Java (TYPUS perhaps in Halle Museum, Germany).

      Philippines : Luzon I. : Mt. Pulog, III-1985 (1 male, 1 female in coll. Mizunuma, Japan).

      Philippines : Marinduque I., 1324N-12157E, I-1985 (1 male in coll. Mizunuma, Japan).

      Philippines : Negros I. : Mt. Canlaon, 1022N-12307E, VI-1990 (1 male, 1 female in coll. Mizunuma, Japan).

      Philippines : Palawan I. : Puerto Princesa, 939N-11844E

      Philippines : Palawan I. : Brooke's Point, 854N-11800E

      Sulawesi = Celebes : Tondano--114N-12451E, Sangihe I. (Tahuna);

      Moluccas Is. : Ternate I.--050N-12715E, Bachan I., Mandioli I.--044S-12715E, Kasiruta I.--027S-12713E, Tidore I.--043N-12725E (Bukit Gambir), Seram I.--305S-12920E = Ceram I. (Wahai), Waigeo I.--007S-13050E;

      Lesser Sunda Is. : Tanimbar I.--731S-13130E = Yamdena I. (Saumlaki);

      New Guinea : Papua (Bulolo, Fly River, Kokoda--904S-14749E), Ramoi, Dorei-Hum, Andai, Korido, Bismarck Is. : New Britain I.--544S-15041E (Gazel Peninsula).

Note : Perhaps the species could be divide into several ssp. : ssp. tonkinensis : from Thailand to Vietnam and Taiwan; ssp. andamanus from Andaman Is. and Nicobar Is.; ssp. ? from Malaya and Sumatra; ssp. opacus = bonasus = taurus (mandibles with the tooth close of terminal fork) from Borneo and Java; ssp. ? from Philippines; and, ssp. rugosus = brevis from Sulawesi to New Guinea.

Bibliography.

BOMANS H.E. & BENOIT P. (2005) Inventaire provisoire comment des Coloptres Lucanides de lArchipel des Philippines (98eme Contribution a ltude des Coloptres Lucanides). Lambillionea, CV(2):283-301.

MIZUNUMA T. & NAGAI S. (1994) The Lucanid Beetles of the World. Mushi-Sha's Iconographic Series of Insects, Ed. H. Fujita, Japan. Vol. I : 337 pp., 156 pls.

 

Gnaphaloryx (Gnaphaloryx) pollinosus DE LISLE, 1973.

De Lisle, 1973:141; Maes, 1992:96; Mizunuma & Nagai, 1994:309, pl.147; Bomans & Bartolozzi, 1996:220.

Solomon Is. : Bougainville I.--605S-15514E (Kieta*).

Gnaphaloryx (Gnaphaloryx) stigmatifer DE LISLE, 1974.

De Lisle, 1974:786; Maes, 1992:96; Bomans & Bartolozzi, 1996:220.

Solomon Is. : Bougainville I.--605S-15514E (Mt. Balbi*).


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